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Esther Ortiz

Periodista digital especializada en Cultura y Relaciones Internacionales, entendiendo la primera como la variedad de expresiones políticas y sociales que se generan en un contexto concreto. Gestora cultural de proyectos locales de desarrollo comunitario. Activista por el derecho a un empleo y a una vivienda digna en varios colectivos ciudadanos.

At one time walls were built to protect the city from looters, invaders and others threats. Globalization has meant more barriers for people but less control on financial flows.


Historically the city was walled in to be protected (such as the Roman civité, the African fenced villages or the Latin American cities in post-Columbian era) The Berlin wall fall, the USSR disintegration and then globalization heralded a “total free world” without walls. However, they have been endlessly built especially after September 11th.


Currently walls stop migratory movements from South to North, split communities involved in deep-rooted conflicts and separate world areas in steady tension and weapons race. The wall divides “security” from “insecurity”, “salvation” from “chaos”, “we” from “the others”. On the other hand it may be a place for proposals and claims.


Claiming is the key step, especially in migratory field as well as its cause and the violation of migrant people rights. Other important point is bringing up those-legal and illegal- business around border controls or conflicts areas.

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Walls divide countries (Palestine, India and Bangladesh, the 38th parallel as the boundary between the Koreas, the island of Cyprus) and also block migratory flows (the Mexico-USA border, the anti-migrant fence completed by Greece on the Turkish border in 2012 or the Ceuta and Melilla border fences).

Recurso 1
The Industrial Revolution made cities expand outside their walls. As a result of extreme inequality, gated communities within largest cities in underdeveloped countries are coming up in order to isolate superrich people from inner violence and crime.
Autor/a: The Economist, The Americas print version
Fuente: The Economist
Tipo: Publicación 
Idioma: English
Fecha: 16 August 2001
Recurso 2
The Berlin wall fall, the USSR desintegration and then globalization heralded a “total free world” where walls had no sense at all. However, they have been endlessly built especially after September 11th.
Autor/a: Arthur Kallmayer and Global Research News
Fuente: Global Research, Center for Global Research and Globalization
Tipo: Web 
Idioma: English. Originally published in Russian.
Fecha: 24 April 2013