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Esther Ortiz

Periodista digital especializada en Cultura y Relaciones Internacionales, entendiendo la primera como la variedad de expresiones políticas y sociales que se generan en un contexto concreto. Gestora cultural de proyectos locales de desarrollo comunitario. Activista por el derecho a un empleo y a una vivienda digna en varios colectivos ciudadanos.

At one time walls were built to protect the city from looters, invaders and others threats. Globalization has meant more barriers for people but less control on financial flows.


Historically the city was walled in to be protected (such as the Roman civité, the African fenced villages or the Latin American cities in post-Columbian era) The Berlin wall fall, the USSR disintegration and then globalization heralded a “total free world” without walls. However, they have been endlessly built especially after September 11th.


Currently walls stop migratory movements from South to North, split communities involved in deep-rooted conflicts and separate world areas in steady tension and weapons race. The wall divides “security” from “insecurity”, “salvation” from “chaos”, “we” from “the others”. On the other hand it may be a place for proposals and claims.


Claiming is the key step, especially in migratory field as well as its cause and the violation of migrant people rights. Other important point is bringing up those-legal and illegal- business around border controls or conflicts areas.

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The wall can also become a place for political protest and denunciation.

Recurso 9
In addition to the worldwide famous Berlin Belfast walls andBansky’s work walls, walls have historically been places for artistic expression.
Autor/a: JR and Marco
Fuente: French graffiti artist JR’s website
Tipo: Video [00:05:30]
Idioma: English
Fecha: 2007
Recurso 10
Back in the Middle Age walls were conceived for oppressed social groups as a place for social expression, graffiti being their language.
Autor/a: José Ignacio Barrera Maturana
Fuente: Archaeology Review (Mediaeval Studies Department), Jaen University
Tipo: Publicación 
Idioma: Spanish
Fecha: 2004